ABU TALIB AL-MAKKI’S REPENTANCE CONCEPT IN SELF DEVELOPMENT PSYCHOLOGY

 By: Che Zarrina Binti Sa’ari, Sharifah Basirah Binti Syed Muhsin and Mohd Manawi Mohd Akib

 

ABSTRACT

In Islam, element of psychological is very important because it can manifest an individual entity as a human being. Humans have two main elements namely the soul and the bodies are recognized as physical and psychological creatures. Hence man is also consists with four psychological elements and from that inception of human nature or character. The elements have been discussed in detail by Islamic psychologist al-Ghazali in his work Ihya’ ‘Ulum al-Din. The four elements are; the first element is humility (bahimiyyah) which is an element that is related to lust. Second elements is violence (sabu‘iyyah), and third is the disbelief and the fourth elements is divinity (rabbaniyyah). Accordingly, to educate the soul and the body towards the divine element (rabbaniyyah), the necessity of a theoretical and practical driving element to a human being is to awaken his psychology to a more perfect one. Thus, among the ways or ways to educate the soul and the body of a human being is with the element of taubat which has been discussed by the bustling sufi figures throughout the ages. One such scholar is Abu Talib al-Makki who is famous as a sufi figure in the time of Ibn Salim in the period of 10 M. As a famous sufi figure in the course of sufism tariqa, then he has exploited a theory of repentance and explain the benefits of the concept of repentance through practical in daily life. Since this concept is very important in the development of human spiritual psychology, he has laid out and discussed this concept of repentance at the first maqam in the course of sufi expert suluk. For that reason, this paper attempts to see the relationship between this repentance concept and the psychological development of a Muslim self in order to obtain peace of mind and happiness of the body.

 

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